Drillship is another type of high valued-added vessel that is designed for exploratory offshore drilling of new oil wells. Building a drillship requires the use of advanced shipbuilding and offshore drilling technologies.
In 1998, Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) became the firstKorean shipbuilder that constructed a drillship (Deepwater Pathfinder). In March 2012, with its accumulated expertise and experience, SHI successfully delivered Stena Icemax, the world¡¯s first drillship designed for drilling in the Arctic region, to Stena, the Swedish shipping company. As of the end of 2015, SHI¡¯s accumulated contracts of drillship stood at 64 units, out of the total large drillship orders placed worldwide since 1996, accounting for 42% of the world¡¯s market share.
FLNG (Floating LNG) is an offshore plant facility that drills, refines, liquefies, stores, and offloads LNG. Developing a gas field using FLNG is both environmentally friendly and economical, as there is no need to install undersea pipes or liquefaction facilities on land, which typically cost up to 2 trillion won.
In 2009, Samsung Heavy Industries signed a contract with Royal Dutch Shell for the long-term supply of FLNGs. In 2011, Samsung Heavy Industries secured an order for Prelude FLNG and launched it successfully in November 2013. The 3-trillion-won ship is the world¡¯s first and largest floating facility.
Floating, Production, Storage
and Off-loading vessel
FPSO stands for Floating Production, Storage and Off-loading vessel, and is a high-priced offshore structure used for the rapid development of oil fields, applications in deep-sea oil fields or the development of small- and mid-sized oil fields.
As FPSO is not an independent vessel but the part of oil field development project worth billions of dollars, any unexpected accidents or problems with an FPSO can pose significant risks, suspending the field development altogether in some cases. The technology based on accumulated experience alone is not sufficient to prevent those risks. An FPSO is a high-tech offshore structure that requires the highest level of reliability and stability, which can only be achieved through rigorous scientific verification.
Samsung Heavy Industries has proven its outstanding capacity and technology with the successful construction of a total of 15 FPSOs ordered by the world-renowned major oil and gas companies.
A floating offshore vessel is used for drilling oil wells and producing oil in the deep sea and its significance is growing with the increased need for deep-sea oil development.
Samsung Heavy Industries built West Phoenix and West Eminence, the 30,000-ton semi-submersible drilling rigs using its own technology and successfully delivered them to their owner, Seadrill, in 2008 and 2009 respectively. West Phoenix, in particular, signaled the start of SHI¡¯s offshore EPC business, as the company handled the entire EPC process from Engineering to Procurement and to Construction.
In July 2010, SHI became the first Korean shipbuilder to successfully integrate the topside and the hull of Gazflot¡¯s semi-submersible drilling rig at the offshore site. This achievement was recognized as a major advancement in Korean offshore plant building technology.
Offshore platform is used for the development of marine resources, fixed at an offshore location.
There are various types of fixed platforms, including Concrete Gravity Platforms, Jacket Platforms, Guyed Towers, and Jack-up rigs. Samsung Heavy Industries has been expanding its presence in the offshore plant market, winning orders for platforms from the world¡¯s major oil companies.
SHI has cemented its reputation in the global offshore platform market by successfully delivering two units of the world¡¯s largest offshore platforms to Russian Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd, in 2006 and 2007 respectively. In 2015, SHI won the order to build the North Sea Sverdrup Platform from Statoil, thereby becoming the only South Korean shipbuilder to win the offshore project order for 2015.
Floating Production Unit
A CPF (Central Processing Facility), ordered by INPEX, Japan¡¯s oil and gas Exploration and Production company, is a floating offshore production unit where gas is produced and processed offshore.
As the world¡¯s largest facility of its kind, the CPF will be 110 meters wide and long, weighing 100,000 tons in total.
After the development of the world¡¯s first FLNG, Samsung Heavy Industries is writing a new chapter in the history of offshore gas plants by winning an order for the world¡¯s largest CPF.
Samsung Heavy Industries built SaiBOS FDS, the multi-purpose FDS, in November 2000, for the first time in Korea. Boasting the DP(Dynamic Positioning) function and the lowest level of noise and vibration, SaiBOS FDS proves the excellence of Samsung Heavy Industries in the field of advanced special ships.
Saipem FDS, for which SHI won the order in June 2008, can navigate at 13 knots, and is capable of exploring and drilling up to 3,000m deep.
Wind Turbine Installation Vessel
Samsung Heavy Industries received an order for a wind turbine installation vessel in October 2010. The vessel iscapable of transporting and installing 12 units of 3.6 MW-class wind power generators simultaneously, and can install one generator every 36 hours, even in the harsh conditions of 20 m/s wind velocity and 2.5 meter-high aves.
The vessel is fixed to the seabed with six pillars, and thebody of the vessel is lifted into the air with 10m distance between the sea surface and the vessel. This structure minimizes the impact of waves and wind and maximizes accuracy and speed in installation.
A jack-up Rig is a drilling facility used to develop oil fields in the continental shelf. This facility fixes its jack-up legs in the seabed and makes its body float on the sea surface for drilling. As the facility is capable of drilling without being affected by waves and currents, it is used in the areas where the sea is relatively shallow, yet has high waves.
In June 2013, SHI won the order to build the large Jack-up Rig for the North Sea that can drill the seabed up to 10km in 150m deep waters. This jack-up rig is a high-specification facility that can cope with the harsh conditions of the North Sea including its extremely low temperature of -20¡É